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The first patient to endure James Marion Sims’s experimental surgery in 1845 was named Lucy...She, and at least six other enslaved women, endured four years of experimental surgeries before Sims finally perfected the procedure, seeking to cure what’s called a vesico-vaginal fistula. His success earned him the moniker “father of modern gynecology.

But as the years went by that success was overshadowed by the fact that he earned it on the backs of slaves. That’s the reason his statue in Central Park was removed Tuesday — 124 years after it was erected.

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